A summer at the Bazaar dedicated to the recycled city
Former station of 5,000 square meters rehabilitated in the heart of Lille, the Bazaar St So - opened in 2020 - creates for the first time a summer season and invites residents, professionals, children, students ·s, tourists to explore the city: recycled.
Drawing on and nourished by its community of residents, the Bazaar St So presents, as part of the Summer season: Jachères of Usus et Fructus — a collective winner of the New Worlds program exploring our critical understanding of space through culture, science and the media and The city turns in circles? of the WAAO — center of architecture and urbanism of Lille has designed as a pavilion in the heart of the place to make talk about the city, the architecture and the landscape with those who experience it on a daily basis.
Explorer's commentary "doing the city over the city"
What if the city were animated by a cycle, allowing it to self-regulate, to regenerate, like the cycle of life?
The notion of circular city expresses the idea that it can be built on itself, from existing resources. However, the city also seems to be going in circles, renewing for many years the same anthropocentric and productivist practices. The factory of the city tends to produce ever more, and this despite an increased awareness of the state of emergency of our planet.
In France, between 20,000 and 30,000 hectares are artificialized per year - i.e. 4 times faster than the increase in population, in parallel with the exponential depletion of the planet's natural resources. Cities, and in particular industry and the construction sector, are singled out. How can this awareness shift towards a real paradigm shift? It becomes imperative to show creativity and sobriety to "make the city on the city" instead of spreading out on agricultural land.
Today, the city must reinvent itself around reuse and recycling in order to put an end to urban sprawl. There are different ways of transmitting this need to “make the city about the city”: densification, re-vegetation, development of wasteland, rehabilitation, participatory construction sites, upcycling, recycling of materials, etc.
Jachères questioning the urban wasteland, on the fringes to reconsider the idea of ugliness in the city
Curated by Justinien Tribillon, Jachères is an installation / experience to live - exploratory result of four artistic residences which questions the urban and peri-urban wasteland, through image, sound, design and landscape architecture.
Wastelands are spaces left behind. Like all the margins of our society, they act as mirrors that reflect our past, our present, and perhaps our future.
Last April and May, Jachères settled on Môle 1, at the entrance to the industrial port of Dunkirk. Curators, artists, architects, urban planners, inhabitants collectively questioned themselves: What is abandonment? The dirty ? The disorder ? Why call certain species of plants or animals that inhabit wastelands "invasive"? How to enhance wastelands without destroying their identity? Their soul?
A landscape of great complexity and constantly changing, the port has created wastelands that bear witness to the major industrial reorganizations of the country and the world (role of steelworks, oil and fossil fuels). It is a link between the infinitely long depths of the earth, and the speed of a company that reorganizes and relocates. It is in these spaces modified by humans, then abandoned, that invasive species are best found. They thrive in our "doomsday ruins," as anthropologist Anna Tsing writes.
End of the world or new worlds? These wastelands remind us of the sometimes brutal collapse of what made our past: relocation of a factory, abandonment of a station, shutdown of an entire industry. These "heterotopias" as Michel Foucault called them, liminal, reclusive and marginalized spaces, abound with examples of rebirths, micro and macrocosmic, among the ruins of the old world
As part of A Summer at the Bazaar, Jachères invites visitors to reconsider the idea of ugliness in the city, it changes the look of those who want to linger there. These plants that grow between the crevices of the concrete are resistant, their determination to survive is beautiful, tell us the botanists of Atelier Za'atar. A twenty-five ton steel bar loaded into the hold of a tanker resounds like the bells of a strange church in the work of sound artist Nadine Schütz. Collected waste is reinvented in sculpture by Marseille designers Studiolow, humorously questioning the idea of reuse – that of the earth itself, and the waste objects that are left there.
Jachères is a Usus et fructus project, as part of the New Worlds program and with the support of the Urban Community of Dunkirk. The Halle aux Sucres in Dunkirk hosted a first public presentation in May and June, after a presence at the Mondes nouvelles X Beaux-Arts de Paris exhibition last April.
The city is turning in circles? : share modes of (re)use
Imagined by the WAAO as a series of modes of (re)employment within everyone's reach, The city turns in circles? is a unique exhibition that presents reuse under different prisms: materials, spaces, nature, buildings, uses, sectors...
Each notice aims to decode methods and practices, identify findings and blocking points and respond to them with more than 50 concrete initiatives illustrated with testimonials, models, photos, videos, artefacts.
These reuse modes are not “exhaustive” but “enhancing”. They seek to reveal the sensitive, to arouse curiosity, to go beyond received ideas, to get to grips with the habits of those who make and inhabit our cities, their ways of apprehending spaces, their visions of the territory. They put into practice the idea that to make the city of tomorrow, it is necessary to repair the one that already exists.
7 methods of reuse are explored: Reconciling city and nature / Recycling wasteland / Reusing materials / Preserving heritage / Adapting existing buildings / Intensifying uses / Supporting reuse sectors.
The city is turning in circles? is the result of cooperative work with around a hundred planners, inhabitants, institutions, associations, craftsmen, companies, architects, landscapers, designers and urban planners — under the patronage of Christine Leconte, President of the National Council of 'Order of Architects. It thus testifies to the collective and enthusiastic energy of all these people encountered and who initiate reuse projects on a daily basis.
The exhibition presents the projects, works and contributions of: APC Eau - Collectif 15 So - CD2E - Emmanuel Denis - EtNisi - Jachères - Omnibus - Polygraphik - Pousses of Artisan Urbanis - Rives Nord - Vélowomon - Therry Girard - ADULM - L' Ass des As - Atelier Amélie Fontaine - Béal & Blanckaert architectes - Bureau faceB - Bazaar-St-So - Berkem Label - BLAU - City Mix - Clément Berton - Scientific collective LIKOTO - Denis Planque - D'houndt et Bajar Architectes - EPF HDF - Fabrique des Quartiers - Ferme du Trichon - ExpliCités - Junia Hei - Habiter 2030 - HBAAT - The Labor Association of Companions of Duty and the Tour de France - The Bitterns - Mathieu Marty - Myral - NeoEco - Oasis des Lauriers - Sam-Banchet Architectes - SEED - SEM VR - StudioRijsel - TAG - Tandem+ - Ramery - Reempro - RedCat Architecture - ZERM - 9.81.
As an extension of the exhibition, the WAAO has initiated, since 2020: a festival of cabins in town with Cabanes sur l'île. Each year, the WAAO calls on young collectives of architects, town planners and landscape architects to carry out ephemeral interventions in the city around the theme of the cabin, designed in reused materials, with the inhabitants of the districts.
A long-term adventure that addresses the question of the use of reused materials: their structural performance, their availability, their storage... An experience - renewed each year - which makes it possible to realize the difficulties of occupying public space : dialogue with the municipalities, validation of the safety commission and acceptance of the project. The ephemeral temporality pushes the candidates to identify the needs of the inhabitants living in the neighborhoods where the huts are located and to produce an installation that corresponds to the uses of the neighborhood.
A summer at the Bazaar to question, gather and create tomorrow together
As part of A Summer at the Bazaar, nothing is left to chance by the Bazaar St So team and partners - in a logic of circularity - from the content to the scenography deployed. A singular place because it is atypical and resolutely creative, the Bazaar St So brings together and federates, every day: 306 residents through 125 structures. Through this 1st summer season deployed, the diversity & plurality of professions, looks and skills added to the year, are expressed within the place.
For The city turns in circles? all the texts were co-written, in particular in collaboration with the residents, contributors. The production of the scenography respects the principles of the exhibition: modules and materials already used have been recovered, adapted, transformed and reinterpreted. Letting the traces of their past uses appear, like a palimpsest.